Multisensory Approaches to Learning

Children who have Sensory Processing Disorders seem to learn best through use of  multisensory approaches  that do not overwhelm.

This means that  using a combination of sensory inputs and prompting self-initiated, but different forms of sensory stimulation, is likely to enhance learning. 

Picture of eyes, hand, ear and bicep mucle

Vision was activated when this activity was presented by showing the youngster a wooden playhouse with familiar letter cutouts. He knew several of these letters from school and was able to name some of them.   He watched (once again using vision)  while the first three letters of the alphabet were placed into the surprise box, and even helped to shake the box up.

Audition and language were linked with vision when the youngster said which letter he was going to select first as he reached into the surprise box. This form of linkage is commonly termed visual association.  This skill enables a person  to associate a visual image with its label or name of a specific object.  Visual association skills are essential for success in reading.

Picture of student with an "a" in his hand

The youngster was prompted to remember that the letter “A” had straight edges, and not round edges like the “B” or “C”.  In this way, he was prompted to associate vision with touch/ tactile input.  The ability to associate vision with touch sensations is a skill used for daily living activities such as buttoning buttons and using tools.  

Picture of student sitting on scooter using a rope to pull himself towards an alphabet puzzle shaped like a house

As he  put his hand into the box and felt for the pieces he excitedly said, “I found it!”  when he was able to feel and then pull the letter “A” out of the box.

Proprioception and touch sensations were used as the youngster manipulated the letter shapes within the surprise box.  When he was prompted to “remember” straight versus rounded edges, activation of inputs from visual  and auditory memory centers of the brain were being added to the mix.  For children who use alternate sensory channels for learning, this blend of inputs helps to solidify their knowledge base.

Pulling himself toward the target activated sensory receptors in his arms and core muscles of the trunk, and  helped to reinforce attention to task.

Putting It All Together

Picture of student placing an alphabet tile in the alphabet puzzle shaped like a house.

Vestibular activation was accomplished by having the youngster sit on a scooter and pull himself along using a rope.  Pulling on the rope toward the alphabet house set up the proprioceptive system for integration of direction with  movement.

You can read more about multisensory instructional approaches in this post by  https://www.understood.org.

 

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