Key features of Pattern Recognition include the ability to identify and classify:
- What is it that I am seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, tasting?
- What goes with it?
- What do I do with the information?
- What comes next?
Pattern Recognition can be problematic for children with Sensory Processing Disorders
This type of problem solving can be problematic for the child with SPD in that pattern recognition typically involves integrating sensory systems. For example, reading incorporates decoding visual images, coordinating eye muscles, and integrating these inputs with sounds of language. Handwriting combines appreciation of hand and finger positioning with visual images of each letter to be formed. Dressing involves appreciation of features of each garment and formulating a plan of how to get the garment onto the body. In this way, we can see that pattern recognition can serve to open portals of independence for children with SPD.
Key intellectual features and executive functions also include:
- Sustained attention to task
- Sustained visual regard
- Careful listening
- Visual association/language association skills
- Planning for motor response
Pattern Recognition: What You Can do To Help
Use of developmentally appropriate sized manipulatives beginning with large through medium and then to small sized pieces can be helpful. Incorporating use of gross motor equipment during play with manipulative toys helps to improve integration of vision and body awareness with language skills. This form of enhanced play stimulates the body as a whole, thereby reinforcing attention and memory.
Remember to prompt for:
What is it? ● Where does it go? ● What comes next?